The formula for the volume of sparge water per batch is simply the volume of sparge water divided by the number of sparge batches, in our example 21.7 / 2 = 10.9 quarts (20.5 / 2 = 10.3 L).
What is pre-boil volume?
For low-gravity beers, with a light grist, the brewer may need to add water to reach a reasonable pre-boil volume. Reasonable meaning a volume of wort that can be boiled for 60 to 90 minutes and yield the expected post-boil volume.
How do you calculate pre-boil gravity?
If the actual pre-boil volume is 7.0 gallons (26.5 L), the actual pre-boil gravity is 1.033 and boiling losses are 1.5 gallons (5.7 L) per hour, increasing the boiling time by 16 minutes will achieve the post-boil target gravity (OG) of 1.048).
What does Mashout mean?
Mashout is the term for raising the temperature of the mash to 77 °C (170 °F). This stops the enzymatic conversion of starches to fermentable sugars, and makes the mash and wort more fluid.
How are gravity points calculated?
Gravity points = grain’s extract potential (EP) x mass (lbs) = specific gravity x volume.
What is OG in brewing?
A gravity reading taken just prior to yeast being added, or pitched, is referred to as the original gravity (OG). The OG will provide the brewer with a good idea of the potential alcohol percentage for that particular beer.
Why is my OG so low?
Sparging – If you sparge too quickly, have a poorly designed mash tun filter, or sparge the wrong volume you can get a low OG. Take your time when sparging, which will let the wort extract as much as possible from the grain bed. … For example, a 10% increase in final volume can result in a 10% decrease in OG.
When should I take OG reading all grain?
Your original gravity (OG), which is taken just before pitching your yeast and after the wort has chilled. Make sure you make any temperature adjustments to it before recording it. Follow the instructions for your hydrometer or refractometer for this.
How do you calculate grain absorption?
1) Grain Absorption: Figure 1/2 quart per pound of grain. This comes out to ~1 pint (0.125 gallons) / pound of grain. Some reports are as high as 0.2 gallons per pound. During the mash process the grains soak up water.
How is mash and sparge volume calculated?
First is to work backwards from the batch size to the preboil volume:
- Batch Volume + Boil Losses + (Boil Length * Boil Off Rate) = Preboil Volume.
- 23 L + 2 L + (1 x 3 L) = 28 L.
- Grain weight x Mash thickness + Mash Tun Dead Space = Mash Volume.
- 5 x 2.7 + 3.5 = 17 L of Mash Water.
- 1L @ 4°C = 1.002L @20°C.
- 1L @ 20°C = 1L @20°C.
How do you calculate mash thickness?
Mechanics. Professional brewers tend to communicate with each other on the subject of mash thickness by using a value called “liquor-to-grist ratio.” This is merely the volume of strike water (liters) divided by the mass of grist (kilograms). Its practical range is 2 to 4 and most often is around 2.5 to 3.2.
How much grain can I fit in my mash tun?
How Big Does My Mash Tun Need to Be?
|Mash Tun Size||5 gallon (20 quart)||15.5 gallon (62 quart)|
|Max grain capacity (assuming 1.25 qt/lb)||12 lbs||37.2 lbs|
|Total strike water (gallons)||3.75||11.625|
|Total combined volume (gallons)||4.87||15.097|
|Max gravity units (@ 70% efficiency)||295||914.5|
What is the difference between a mash tun and lauter tun?
Lauter tuns are, in general, designed much like infusion mash tuns, but they are wider and shallower, as shown in Figure 10.1. Like the mash tun, filtering is through slots in a false bottom that supports the grain bed. … Lauter tuns are suited for use of under-modified malts and high adjunct rates.
How do you use Lauter?
Open the valve on the sparge reservoir first, then open the lauter tun valve. If no water flows, knife the grains to loosen the bed. If it is still stuck, stir the very bottom of the grain bed, allowing the underletting water to clear the blockage.
What is the point of a Mashout?
Mashout is the term for raising the temperature of the mash to 170°F prior to lautering. This step stops all of the enzyme action (preserving your fermentable sugar profile) and makes the grainbed and wort more fluid. For most mashes with a ratio of 1.5-2 quarts of water per pound of grain, the mashout is not needed.